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Optical Coherence Tomography and Microscopy


In this research aimed at advancing endoscopic OCT imaging, two high axial resolution optical coherence tomography systems were developed: (1) a spectrometer-based frequency domain (FD) OCT achieving an axial resolution of ~2.5 μm using a Ti:Sa femtosecond laser with a 120nm bandwidth centered at 800nm and (2) a swept-source based FD OCT employing a high speed Fourier domain mode locked (FDML) laser that achieves real time in vivo imaging with ~8 μm axial resolution at an acquisition speed of 90,000 A-scans/sec. A critical prior limitation of FD OCT systems is the presence of mirror images in the image reconstruction algorithm that could only be eliminated at the expense of depth and speed of imaging. A key contribution of this research is the development of a novel FD OCT imager that enables full range depth imaging without a loss in acquisition speed. Furthermore, towards the need for better axial resolution, we developed a mathematical model of the OCT signal that includes the effect on phase modulation of phase delay, group delay, and dispersion. From the mathematical model we saw that a Fourier domain optical delay line (FD ODL) incorporated into the reference arm of the OCT system represented a path to higher performance. Here we then present a method to compensate for overall system dispersion with a FDODL that maintains the axial resolution at the limit determined solely by the coherence length of a broadband source.

Additional reference

K.S. Lee, Extended Focus Range High Resolution Endoscopic Optical Coherence Tomography, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Central Florida (2008)